According to the Centers for Disease Control, the percentage of home births rose by 29% from 2004 to 2009, to it’s highest level since date collection began in 1989.
The increase was driven overall by a 36% increase in home births in non-Hispanic white women.
1 in every 90 births among white women are now home births!
Women tend to prefer a home birth over a hospital birth for several reasons including a desire for a low intervention birth in a familiar environment surrounded by family and friends, cultural and religious concerns and of course financial factors with home births costing almost one-third of a hospital delivery.
Key Findings from the CDC:
- Home births are more common among women aged 35 and over, and among women with several previous children.
- Home births have a lower risk profile than hospital births, with fewer births to teenagers or unmarried women, and with fewer preterm, low birthweight and multiple births.
- The percentage of home births was generally higher in the northwestern and lower in the southeastern UNited States with Montana having the highest percentage of home births (2.55%). In contrast the percentage of home births was less than 0.50% in states like Nebraska and Texas.
- 62% home births were attended by Midwives verses 5% attended by physicians. Studies suggest most physician attended home births were probably emergency situations. This is in stark contrast to the 92% physician attendance rate in the hospital.
View the complete CDC data brief here.
Currently Nebraska and Arkansas are the only states in the U.S. where it is unlawful for Midwives to attend a home birth.
Mother gives birth at home